The 3 criteria that helped Jaipur bag the World Heritage Site tag

Today, Jaipur got inscribed as a World Heritage Site. The decision was taken at the 43rd Session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee (WHC) in the historic city of Baku, Azerbaijan being held from June 30-July 10.

To be included on the World Heritage List, sites must be of outstanding universal value and meet at least one out of ten selection criteria.

The criteria lists that to be considered nominations must

  1. represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
  2. exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design
  3. bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
  4. be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
  5. be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
  6. be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria)
  7. contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance
  8. be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth’s history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features
  9. be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals
  10. contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.

According to a statement by the Ministry of Culture India’s proposal contained the following details for Jaipur to bring out its ‘Outstanding Universal Value’.

“The City of Jaipur is an exceptional urban example in indigenous city planning and construction in South Asia.

Hawa Mahal, India at daytime
PC- Annie Pratt

“Besides an exemplary planning, its iconic monuments such as the Govind Dev temple, City Palace, Jantar Mantar and Hawa Mahal excel in artistic and architectural craftsmanship of the period,” the Ministry added.

Image result for jantar mantar jaipur free images high quality
Jantar Mantar (Source – Wiki)

The proposal also called the historic walled city and Rajasthan’s capital an “expression of the astronomical skills, living traditions, unique urban form and exemplary foresighted city planning of an 18th century city from India.”

These pointers appear to conform and align with criteria II, IV, VI of the 10 criteria list

https://whc.unesco.org/en/criteria/

(ii)to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;

(iv)to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history

(vi)to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria.)

Here is the congratulatory tweet from UNESCO Delhi.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi also expressed his happiness over the recognition and tweeted “Jaipur is a city associated with culture and valour. Elegant and energetic, Jaipur’s hospitality draws people from all over. Glad that this city has been inscribed as a World Heritage Site by @UNESCO,”

Jaipur is a city associated with culture and valour. Elegant and energetic, Jaipur’s hospitality draws people from all over.

Glad that this city has been inscribed as a World Heritage Site by @UNESCO. https://t.co/1PIX4YjAC4— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) 6 July 2019

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